Influence of polymerization conditions on the viscosity of polyacrylamide via experimental design(Article)

Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Journal Article

Polyacrylamide was synthesized by a free-radical inverse emulsion technique and optimized via statistical experimental design, with the objective of developing a polymer with a high viscosity within this synthesis technique. The factors considered to affect the response variable, the viscosity of the polymer, were initiator (K2S2O8) concentration (c), reaction temperature (T), stirring rate (r), and initiator addition method (s, batch or dropwise). An experimental design of the four factors at two levels (24) was carried out to study the effect of these process variables on the vis cosity of the polymer. The results show that the main factor having an effect on the viscosity was T, with smaller contributions from r and cs. The optimum combination of values for the factors yielding maximum viscosity was T = 65°C, c = 1 mM, r = 230 rpm, and s = dropwise addition. A close fit was obtained between the experimental and predicted values of the viscosity of the polymer solution. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publication

Year of publication: 2006

Identifiers

ISSN: 00218995

Locators

DOI: 10.1002/app.25089

Alternative Titles